Please try again. Wraiths were similar to Banshees: when sighted, their appearance was considered an omen of impending death. These questions have been on my mind for years, but I wasn’t able to find or to come up with a convincing answer, until this Shabbos, when we read the chapter of Matan Torah, The public revelation of Go’d’s Torah to the entire nation. —The first time the word ‘evil’ (rah) appears in the Torah is in Bereishes 2:17 ‘…and from the tree of knowledge of good and evil (rah) you shall not eat’. Hi there! Learning Hebrew? So here it is Isaiah 5:20. Ezekiel 7:5: "GOD; An evil, an only evil, behold, is come." but the word of God stands forever. Then instead of beeing ‘ro’oh- feeding, pasture, delight, it becomes- ‘re’ee’ -worthless sweepings, droppings without value, excrement. TWOT 2191. And substituting darkness for light. I will get the word woe a little later but first, let’s examine this word evil. The tree was not bad. ? -When is something ‘bad’? comments? The root of the word teruah is ‘reish-ayen’, or ‘reish-vov-ayen’, meaning ‘to shout’ (in alarm). The term is drawn from the phrase "the imagination of the heart of man [is] evil" ( יֵצֶר לֵב הָאָדָם רַע ‎, yetzer lev-ha-adam ra ), which occurs twice in the Hebrew Bible, at Genesis 6:5 and 8:21. The letter Ayin can mean ‘eye’. It is also translated into English as spirit of impurity or more loosely as "evil spirit." The verse says: “The Holy One, blessed He be told them, told Israel, “my children, I created the evil inclination and I created the Torah as a spice. Hebrew is an extremely concrete language so it's no surprise that the Hebrew/Aramaic influenced parts of the bible have concrete concepts of good and evil. Several demons have then-evil names starting with "A" which are commonplace in our own time, such as Ariel and Amy (although both were male beings). It can mean ‘sin’ since the eyeball hints at a cursory  WARPED (CURVED) BIASED glance= lacking in perspective, lacking in due consideration something deserves. “ For thus says the Lord God, the Holy One of Israel: “In returning and rest you shall be saved; In quietness and confidence shall be your strength.” But you would not. H7451 - רַע raʻ, rah; from ; bad or (as noun) evil (natural or moral):—adversity, affliction, bad, calamity, displease(-ure), distress, evil((-favouredness), man, thing), exceedingly, great, grief(-vous), harm, heavy, hurt(-ful), ill (favoured), mark, mischief(-vous), misery, naught(-ty), noisome, not please, sad(-ly), sore, sorrow, trouble, vex, wicked(-ly, -ness, one), worse(-st), wretchedness, wrong. If we do an act congruent with Hashem’s will, we are CONNECTED to Hashem. Even in the coming year? The Hebrew word for evil (i.e., ra’: רַע) also means sad or “heartbreaking.” We must learn to discipline ourselves to think good thoughts since that brings us before the light and blessing of the Father of Lights (אֲבִי הָאוֹרוֹת) from which every good flows (James 1:17). Ra’am is an evil of rage and anger and so forth. I feel that perhaps some holiness had ‘rubbed off’ and helped me come up with an answer…. But, interestingly, the word ‘ano’ -ayen-nuun-hei, can  also mean ‘to answer, to oppress, to afflict, humiliate; The word ‘ani’, ayen-nuun-yod, means a poor person. Any time we do the will of Hashem, there can be no evil. —So perhaps this was a lesson that the Torah wanted to convey by using the root ‘Rah’ relating to our fellow man: You shall love others, because they are important to Hashem, they are a part of your nation, your extended family, and an integral part of Hashem’s plan. Someone deserving our respect? The Hebrew word can refer to moral evil, and often does have this meaning in the Hebrew Scriptures. The other is also good, for nothing but good can “emerge from the Supernal One”; but it is a “concealed good,” a good that is subject to how we choose to receive and experience it., Shlomo Zalman ben Chana, Chof”Gimmel Shvat Motzey Shabbos of Parshas Yisro 5773. There are about ten words in Hebrew that begin with Resh Ayin and each has a different ending letter. The root of the letter ‘tov’ is ‘TIV’-SPINNING, which conveys the idea of CONNECTING thin, weak strands into one strong thread. Which one is the evil of Isaiah 5:20? Blog. Even its shape conveys a connection of two directions. if we see others as part of Hashem’s plan in the world, as a ‘part of a unified, meaningful whole’, they become ‘rayahho-your fellow man’. Hi there! Many times the bad is physical; it may have been occasioned by the sins for which the people of the nation were responsible, or it may have come, not as a retribution, but from accident or mismanagement or causes unknown. If our answer FAILS to address the situation, if we have a ‘reish-ayin’, a poverty of answer, it is truly evil. Plain and simple, anything that is not in harmony with God is evil. From ra'a'; bad or (as noun) evil (natural or moral) -- adversity, affliction, bad, calamity, + displease(-ure), distress, evil((- favouredness), man, thing), + exceedingly, X great, grief(-vous), harm, heavy, hurt(-ful), ill (favoured), + mark, mischief(-vous), misery, naught(-ty), noisome, + not please, sad(-ly), sore, sorrow, trouble, vex, wicked(-ly, -ness, one), worse(-st), wretchedness, wrong. For example "goodness" is light and salt and when abstracts are used they shape a concrete like "good soil", "good seed" or "good fruit" which are very simple concepts to understand. While that remains true today, there are some other meanings for this word found in the ancient languages. The … Incidentally, on the eve of this Shabbos, I prayed at a resting ground of a righteous Tzaddik (a saintly rabbi and teacher). When it’s USELESS, disCONNECTED from its Source, from its sense of purpose. evil might be DISTANCED/ but ultimately everything draws its sustenance from Gd. How to Say Evil in Hebrew. That makes the Hebrew root ra’a. So, I am going to through my hat in the ring and wave my flag in some overt fashion. This is a bible study about the meaning of the Hebrew word שָׂטָן, 'satan' translated 'Satan' in the Old Testament, and gives every verse where the Hebrew word "satan" appears. I just had to come up with an answer. It can signify the ACTION of drawing, or of SWINGING/SWIVELING as a DOOR on a hinge, or as a BUCKET on a rope. (If we reverse the letters, we’ll have Ayin-Reish= to awaken!!! 23 the word ‘my shepherd’ -as relating to Hashem himself – spelled ‘reish-ayen-yod’ ? Skip Moen. ", Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. HEBREW OLD TESTAMENT (RAH vs. ROHEH)? In the Old Testament Leah is the first wife of Jacob and the mother of seven of his children. Perhaps we can say that we haven’t humiliated a person until we SAW him/her & FAILED TO RESPOND- hence ayen-nuun-yod means ‘a poor, humbled person’. It’s our nature “the evil inclination” is egoism. Shouldn’t we learn the reason for it?). What is the connecting concept of all these instances of using the root •רע• reish/ayen in all this different situations, both positive and negative? The letter ‘beis’ means, An answer to Miko Peled’ antisemitic blog, . The Hebrew lexicon is Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon; this is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." ?Perhaps the letters of the Hebrew word, rah, ‘evil’ can teach us a similar lesson? For instance, the third letter could be a Beth for ra’av which is an evil of hunger and starvation. Hebrew Word Studies Index || Search this website || Greek Word Studies Index. These are the same people who burn Bibles as well as our flag and they feel they are on high moral grounds and should be called heroes for ridding the evils, as they define evil, in this world. Note that this is opposite to the word tov which we render as good but actually means to be in harmony with something or someone. Such is the nature of evil: if it’s not connected to Gd, to a higher purpose, but merely to one’s own short-term petty urges, it becomes an insignificant, isolated mote of dirt…. ra or ra’ah (Resh-Ayin) – Strong’s 7451. However, if you’re a Christian then you know that’s not the case. Showing page 1. Is there a connecting concept which would connect all those usages??? I believe God intended for all the evils that are listed to be included in this word which is why we do not have the third letter. It seems that those ideas express and convey the essence of ‘knowledge’ rather well. Let’s just pause here and let our indignation settle down a little and examine this verse. I have resisted adding my voice to this verse but I heard something on the local news today that was just too good (I mean good in the sense of good sermon material) to pass up. August 6, 2009 at 3:30 pm. In the words of our sages, “No evil descends from heaven”—only two types of good. The root word could be one of ten possible Hebrew words. The letter ‘reish’ can connotate ‘rish’- (reish-yod-shin)poverty, lack, misery (Mishlei 31:7) as well as ‘rosh’=head, leader. Alternatively it might be related to Akkadian littu meaning "cow". If anything is viewed in isolation of its intended purpose, it can become poison. Thank you for reading this Daily Word Study. (RAH vs. ROHEH)? Few pastors in American have not preached on this passage in the past few months. Log In. We will see how it is related to the action of smashing. yasha-save; saviour; deliver; help; salvation; preserved. Thank you for reading this Daily Word Study. Dalus= poverty. We have God’s word to back us up on that. Strong's Number H7451 matches the Hebrew רַע (ra`), which occurs 663 times in 623 verses in the Hebrew concordance of the KJV Page 1 / 13 (Gen 2:9–Num 13:19) What lesson is intended in using the word ‘rei’ah‘ (fellow man) which is perhaps less clear? רוע. Create a free website or blog at This second time the word evil is used it is associated with God and is a different word for evil in the Hebrew which is ra’ah which is the word for shepherd or friend, or a consuming passion. From the Hebrew name לֵאָה (Le'ah), which was probably derived from the Hebrew word לְאָה (le'ah) meaning "weary". ), For example, it might be a series of short sounds, like in Te’RUAH, or in graf shel re’ah, sweeping of unwanted °pieces°. noun רַע. That third letter could be a Daleth for ra’ad which is an evil that causes you to lose control. Can I ask a favor? -Why is the Hebrew ROOTword for evil – ‘rah’ רע (reish-ayen) used as well for ‘your fellow man’- as in ‘ve’ahavta le’ rah ‘yehha ka’mohha’ (you shall love your fellow man as yourself)? In English translations of the Bible, unclean spirit is a common rendering of Greek pneuma akatharton, which in its single occurrence in the Septuagint translates Hebrew ruaḥ tum'ah. so to ‘know’ means to see the connection, and to understand the way to respond to this connection, i.e.- to put this connection of  forces into practice. How often do we decide what is good and what is evil without going to the Bible, it just seems right in our own eyes? A shepherd puts the benefit of his charges in his mind, hence he is a ‘rosh-ayin’ -a lead responder’/ or the `head supervisor`, to the needs of his flock. (interestingly, the very first time the expression ‘not-good’ is used, it refers to Adom being ALONE: ”It is not good for a man to be alone” Bereishis 2:18). Skip, what is the Hebrew word for evil? In fact the word ‘vav’ means ‘hook’, which was used in the mishkan to attach the courtains. "The grass withers, It is right because I say it is right and who are you to argue. The letter ‘ayin’ usually means ‘eye’ . Use for checking word inflection: complete verb tables, dictionary, search and pronunciation guide. How come the same two letters reish-ayen refer both to FRIEND & to EVIL? In the Ancient Hebrew mind there is no such thing as an "evil" person or thing. Aren’t these two concepts very different? In Genesis 44:16, the brothers use it … dal as a poor person needs to ‘draw’ sustenance from others. It sounds almost identical to the word ra’ah spelled Resh Ayin Hei which is the word for evil. for an attempt to address the root ‘ayen-reish’ as pertaining to both concealment and revelation of truth, see my other blog on biblical snake.  Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. -Perhaps if we see an idea or a person as removed from Hashem, as ISOLATED&therefore a use-less ‘CHUNK’ -it becomes truly ‘graf shel raya- a sweeping of refuse, an irritant. Other common words for evil include the nouns awel, awla, ... Usually, in the Old Testament the Hebrew word ra` is employed to denote that which is bad. -conveying the idea that the ‘eye’/ayin comprehends the ultimacy and the urgency of the ‘rosh’…). At Deut. There was an error while trying to send your request. I was searching for an answer that rang true to me for years!!! It can mean ‘to answer’, both in a positive sense, and in the negative sense -to opress. Is it someone who did us favor in the past, to whom we owe gratitude? So we see the the Hebrew word for ‘goodness’ conveys in its every letter the idea of CONNECTION & Unity with Hashem, who is the Ultimate Goodness.“`. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. “-Isaiah 30:15. magan- to shield; to rescue; to hand over safely. ( Log Out /  By that time, Persia was no longer a world power. What Does The Word ‘Deliver’ Mean In Hebrew? Great tool to bookmark for study! If the head is isolated, it is merely an ‘impoverished’ loner. Chaim Bentorah will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. These files are considered public domain. >>> if we view something as ‘evil’, as ISOLATED & NOT A PART OF HASHEM’S PLAN, it is evil- because it becomes (in our eyes) as a meaningless ‘graf shel raya’ (a worthless sweeping), because of our viewing it as DISCONNECTED from Hashem, from a meaningful whole of Hashem’s plan. In my study on our Learning Channel, I go into details on the ten different ra words used for evil in the Old Testament. Micah 2:4 HEB: יָמִ֑יר אֵ֚יךְ יָמִ֣ישׁ לִ֔י לְשׁוֹבֵ֥ב NAS: How He removes it from me! (Hashem rohee, lo ehhsar- Gd is my shepherd, I shall not lack’) How can we refer to Gd himself using the very same letters as we do for ‘evil’ –reish ayen ??? ANTOINETTE (Canada) August 6, 2009 at 3:30 pm. (Perhaps the root ‘ayin-nuun-nuun’-anan-cloud conveys the idea of covering, just as a glance of an eye covers a certain area…???). Yep, that is where that verse is found alright. (the shape of the letter ayen seems to convey two eyes focused on a common point, similar to the letter ‘y’… ), So the root ‘dalet”ayen is the combination of an idea of convergence of two states of being [dalet] & an act of regard (‘eye-balling’ and potentially ‘answering’ [ayen]. But people who burn God’s Words, how do they determine what is evil and good? While "Ha-Ra" means "the evil." Many Hebrew words are used for both cultic and social evil. ( Log Out /  Generally, that other god is oneself. If we understand that the root ‘rah’ relates to the idea of a series of small pieces, then it depends on the context: if those pieces are used to gradually make something stronger (as a shepherd feeding his flock with appropriate PORTIONS), or as viewing our fellow as a connected to us and to the Klal, and therefore a valuable human being, or as a series of sounds of a shofar, which collectively serve to awaken us to teshuvah. (Including feminine … Otherwise, we are no different than that radical who says that busting a window and helping yourself to the loot to feed your family is good. The letter ‘vov’ in itself conveys ‘connection’. Ask Chaim Bentorah Any Bible Study Question. The Hebrew word for this type of “evil” is ra’ah. Hebrew Translation. If we fail to see this lesson in our relationship to our fellow men, it will truly become EVIL: it will fail to serve as a part of Hashem’s plan– since the only evil that exists is what separates us from Hashem. Sign Up. The letter ‘beis’ means house, enclosure. Well, it says in Judges 17:6 that everyone did what was right in their own eyes. It seems to me that the main idea of the letter dalet is the concept of connection of two states: as a verb it conveys the action of drawing water or swinging , opening/closing, being lowered or uplifted. The root of the word teruah is ‘reish-ayen’, or ‘reish-vov-ayen’, meaning ‘to shout’ (in alarm). The general rule of thumb to get the third letter is to just repeat the last letter. The letter lamed at the beginning of a word, when not a part of the word itself, means ‘for, for the sake of, to,- like ‘l’cho= to you, for you=yours. The word in Hebrew used here for seeing is ra’ah spelled Resh Aleph Hei. For example, awon may also be used to describe social evil. I wasn’t going to do a study on this verse but I live in Chicago which has and is seeing it’s share of riots, violence, and destruction. The letter ‘vov’ in itself conveys ‘connection’. But if we compare the use of the word רע where God is talking about good and evil, as He is in Isaiah 45:7, we find that רע must mean "evil." Vaguely defined as "Evil tongue" or "Evil speech." ??? With the deeper Hebraic understanding of what "Ra" means, we would more accurately translate "Lashon Ha-Ra" to mean "the- destroying tongue." -What makes something ‘evil’? That’s why I want to take a look at what the word hate means in Hebrew and Greek. Odd that if man turns back to God, He will repent of His shepherding, friendship and consuming passion . Isaiah 5:20: “Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; Who substitute darkness for light and light for darkness; Who substitute bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!”. “`The word ‘TOV’- GOOD, is spelled tess-vov-beis.

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