Required fields are marked * Comment. A major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States on July 9, 1937. A major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States on July 9, 1937.Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults; although the precise causes were often unknown. In Little Ferry, gases produced by decaying film, combined with high temperatures and inadequate ventilation, resulted in spontaneous combustion. [A] The New York studio of the Famous Players Film Company burned in September 1915;[3] in July 1920, the shipping facility of its corporate successor, Famous Players-Lasky, was destroyed by a fire in Kansas City, Missouri, despite construction intended to minimize that risk. Film fires Fox vault fire 1937. [8] When Little Ferry, New Jersey, contractor William Fehrs was hired to construct a film storage facility in 1934, he designed the structure to be fireproof. Film storage cabinets with ventilation and cooling systems were also proposed, as was further research into improving the quality of cellulose acetate film to encourage its use as a safer replacement for nitrate film. [16] The grandfather of director Blake Edwards, J. Gordon Edwards, had directed all the highest grossing epics for Fox and all the masters for his films were lost (though a few survive as low quality prints which were housed elsewhere). [10] All the film in the facility was destroyed; more than 40,000 reels of negatives and prints burned to ashes inside their film cans. The Lubin Manufacturing Company's vault in Philadelphia exploded on June 13, 1914, followed on December 9 by a fire that destroyed Thomas Edison's laboratory complex in West Orange, New Jersey. One death and two injuries resulted from the fire, which also destroyed all the archived film in the vaults, resulting in the loss of most of the silent films produced by the Fox Film Corporation before 1932. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Foxfilm storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States.It was caused by the spontaneous combustionof nitrate filmstored in inadequately-ventilated vaults. [10] Local truck driver Robert Davison observed flames coming from one of the structure's window vents, and within five minutes, used a municipal fire alarm call box to report the fire. The early motion-picture industry primarily used film stock made of nitrocellulose, commonly called nitrate film. In 1937, the Northern New Jersey experienced a high heatwave in Summer, with daytime temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) and warm nights. Nitrate fires burn rapidly and cannot be extinguished, as they are capable of burning even under water. The 1937 Fox vault fire was a major fire in a 20th Century Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey on 9 July 1937. [10] The local fire department confirmed Fehrs's fireproofing. [10] Anna Greeves and her two sons, John and Charles,[11] were caught in a "sheet of flame" while attempting to flee the area. [10][11] It took 150 men employing 14 hose streams to put the fire out by 5:30. On July 9, 1937, fire gutted a film storage facility (pictured) in Little Ferry, New Jersey, rented by the American studio 20th Century-Fox. In October 1929, the Consolidated Film Industries facility was badly damaged by a nitrate fire. To install click the Add extension button. 1937 Fox vault fire (Q19865585) From Wikidata. Hotel and café workers in Paris went on strike for a 5-day work week. Also destroyed were negatives from Educational Pictures to Belarusfilm (with which Fox was then affiliated) and films of several other studios. Nitrate fires burn rapidly and cannot be extinguished, as they are capable of burning even under water. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. [18] Because some copies were located elsewhere, some of Fox's silent films survive as lower-quality prints – or fragments – but more than 75% of Fox's feature films from before 1930 are completely lost. Under the right conditions, nitrate film can even spontaneously combust. I've often daydreamed of traveling back in time to 8 July 1937 and finding a way to sneak into the Fox Film vault in Little Ferry, NJ. [9][10] The building was also badly damaged. [1] Unlike previous large nitrate-film fires, investigators determined that the spontaneous combustion of decomposing film stock was responsible. The fire brought attention to the potential for decaying nitrate film to spontaneously ignite, and changed the focus of film preservation efforts to include a greater focus on fire safety. Küçük Feribot itfaiyecileri geldiğinde, çok geç olmuştu ve neredeyse tüm tonozlar zaten yanmıştı. [22] More heavily reinforced film vaults were suggested, to prevent fires in a single vault from destroying entire archival facilities. On May 4, 1897, one of the first major fires involving nitrate film began when a Lumière projector caught fire at the Bazar de la Charité in Paris. 1937 Fox vault fire. Internally, it was divided into 48 individual vaults,[9] each enclosed behind a steel door and separated by 8-inch (20 cm) brick interior walls. 1937 Fox vault fire. Diagram of the 1937 Fox vault fire.jpg. In Little Ferry, gases produced by decaying film, combined with high temperatures and inadequate ventilation, resulted in spontaneous combustion. edit. The Lubin Manufacturing Company's vault in Philadelphia exploded on June 13, 1914, followed on December 9 by a fire that destroyed Thomas Edison's laboratory complex in West Orange, New Jersey. Listen to the audio pronunciation of 1937 Fox vault fire on pronouncekiwi. The Republicans took Quijorna. 1937 Fox vault fire: part our commitment to scholarly and academic excellence, all articles receive editorial review.|||... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. [11][14], Little Ferry firefighters first arrived at 2:26, followed by companies from Hawthorne, Ridgefield Park, River Edge, and South Hackensack. Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios and vaults, although the precise causes were often unknown. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States.It was caused by the spontaneous combustion of nitrate film stored in inadequately-ventilated vaults. [11] However, it had neither a fire sprinkler system nor mechanical ventilation, and no security guard was employed to watch the facility. Next Image. The Republicans took Quijorna. [1], In the earlier 20th century nearby Fort Lee on the Hudson Palisades was home to many film studios of America's first motion picture industry. In the United States, a series of fires occurred at industry facilities. Educational Pictures lost more than two thousand silent negatives and prints;[12][19] the company's sound films survived. A major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States on July 9, 1937.Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults; although the precise causes were often unknown. Quarterly of the National Fire Protection Agency 31 (2): 136–142. [21], The destruction of the Little Ferry facility spurred an interest in fire safety as an aspect of film preservation. [9][10] Despite the potential fire danger of stored film, the building was located in a residential neighborhood. The building had 12-inch (30 cm) brick outer walls and a reinforced concrete roof. It was caused by the spontaneous combustion of nitrate film stored in inadequately-ventilated vaults. They suggested that the older nitrocellulose film in the archive was of lower quality than their current film, and thus more unstable. Diagram of the 1937 Fox vault fire.jpg. This decaying film stock releases nitrogen oxides that themselves contribute to the decay and make the damaged film burn more easily. [10][13] When the fire spread to the vaults in the south and east of the building, they exploded, damaging the brickwork and blowing out window frames. English: Fire damage to the residence at 361 Main Street, directly in front of the 1937 Fox vault fire. 100% Upvoted. The 1965 MGM vault fire was a major fire that erupted in Vault #7 at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's studio in Culver City, California sometime during 1965, resulting in the loss of many silent and some early sound films of which no copies now exist.. Background. [10][11], Davison then attempted to awaken the residents of the surrounding houses, many of whom were already alerted to the situation by the noise and intense heat. At some time shortly after 2:00 a.m. on July 9, spontaneous ignition occurred in the vault at the building's northwest corner. [13] The highest-quality examples of every Fox film produced prior to 1932 were destroyed; all known copies of many movies had been stored in the facility. A major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States on July 9, 1937.Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults; although the precise causes were often unknown. [10][11] As the contents of additional vaults ignited, bursts of flame shot out 100 feet (30 m) horizontally across the ground from the windows, and a similar distance into the air from the building's roof vents. For example, a storage vault fire in 1937 destroyed all the original negatives pre-1935 films made by Fox Pictures. Archival material intended for the Museum of Modern Art's Film Library was lost as well. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). How do you say 1937 Fox vault fire? Motion picture historian Anthony Slide called the destruction of the Fox vault "the most tragic" American nitrate fire. [21], The destruction of the Little Ferry facility spurred an interest in fire safety as an aspect of film preservation. The Fox vault fire occurred in a film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, destroying most of the silent films produced by Fox Film Corporation before 1932. Current ye@r * In the United States, a series of fires occurred at industry facilities. 1937 Fox vault fire is similar to these events: 1965 MGM vault fire, Hamlet chicken processing plant fire, 2015 Tianjin explosions and more. The fire resulted in one death and two injuries, and destroyed all of the film in the vault. [9] Films lost to the fire include pictures starring Theda Bara, Shirley Mason, William Farnum, and many others. A major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States on July 9, 1937. Spectacular footage of 1937 Fox Film storage facility fire in Little Ferry, NJ - Digital/upload by F. Fuchs Filmed by W. Zabransky. Date: 9 July 1937: Source (1937). Article about 1937 Fox vault fire, p. 1 Also present was the original negative of D. W. Griffith's Way Down East (which Fox had purchased with the intent of remaking),[9] the negative for the controversial Christie Productions sponsored film The Birth of a Baby[20] and films produced by Sol Lesser under his imprints Atherton Productions, Peck's Bad Boy Corporation, and Principal Pictures. Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several high-profile fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults, although the precise causes were often unknown. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. [4][5] The United Film Ad Service vault, also in Kansas City, burned on August 4, 1928, and a fire was reported at Pathé Exchange nine days later. December 20, 2020 297 × 170 FILMS LOST IN FIRES. The fire resulted in one death and two injuries, and destroyed all of the film in the vault. [A] The New York studio of the Famous Players Film Company burned in September 1915;[3] in July 1920, the shipping facility of its corporate successor, Famous Players-Lasky, was destroyed by a fire in Kansas City, Missouri, despite construction intended to minimize that risk. All three were seriously burned; 13-year-old Charles eventually died from his injuries on July 19. [18] Because some copies were located elsewhere, some of Fox's silent films survive as lower-quality prints – or fragments – but more than 75% of Fox's feature films from before 1930 are completely lost. In October 1929, the Consolidated Film Industries facility was badly damaged by a nitrate fire. The film has never been seen in its entirety since. The sustained heat contributed to nitrate decomposition in the film vaults, and the building's ventilation was inadequate to prevent a dangerous buildup of gases. Archival material intended for the Museum of Modern Art's Film Library was lost as well. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States. Educational Pictures lost more than two thousand silent negatives and prints;[12][19] the company's sound films survived. [10][11] As the contents of additional vaults ignited, bursts of flame shot out 100 feet (30 m) horizontally across the ground from the windows, and a similar distance into the air from the building's roof vents. [10][13] When the fire spread to the vaults in the south and east of the building, they exploded, damaging the brickwork and blowing out window frames. [2], Large and dangerous fires sometimes resulted. That's it. Sign in to disable ALL ads. [1] Sustained temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) or higher, large quantities of nitrate film, increased humidity, poor ventilation, and aged or decaying film have all been considered risk factors. However, in July 1937, a major fire broke out in the storage facility resulting in the destruction of most of the nitrate films stored there. On May 4, 1897, one of the first major fires involving nitrate film began when a Lumière projector caught fire at the Bazar de la Charité in Paris. The building’s ventilation was inadequate to prevent a dangerous buildup of gases caused by the nitrate decomposition of film vaults due to the heat. Author: Exploding vaults had destroyed segments of both the exterior walls and interior partitions and had deformed the structure's concrete roof. [10] Other families were able to escape unharmed as the fire spread to five neighboring residences and destroyed two vehicles. The resulting blaze caused 126 deaths. Exploding vaults had destroyed segments of both the exterior walls and interior partitions and had deformed the structure's concrete roof. Fox Vault Fire 1937 The Fox film vaults, located in Little Ferry, New Jersey, were acquired by Fox film to safely store nitrate film stock archives. Your email address will not be published. [6][7] Spontaneous combustion was not proven to have occurred in any of these fires, and may not have been recognized as possible before a 1933 study determined that the temperatures necessary for nitrate film to self-ignite had been overestimated. [15], The Little Ferry vaults also held works by other film studios that had contracted with Fox for distribution. [9][10] The building was also badly damaged. They suggested that the older nitrocellulose film in the archive was of lower quality than their current film, and thus more unstable. Topic. Language Label Description Also known as; English: 1937 Fox vault fire. No surviving footage other than the aforementioned twenty-second clip is known to exist. [23][24] By the 1950s, the use of nitrate film in the United States had been essentially eliminated. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. 20 Century-Fox Vault Fire: how did the fire occur? Each can contained about five cents' worth of silver;[13] the salvaged metal returned $2,000. The resulting blaze caused 126 deaths. Spoken_Wikipedia_en_1937_Fox_vault_fire.ogg ‎ (Ogg Vorbis sound file, length 15 min 56 s, 112 kbps) This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons . Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults; although the precise causes were often unknown. [10][11] It took 150 men employing 14 hose streams to put the fire out by 5:30. TIL of the 1937 Fox vault fire, in which 40,000 films were destroyed. Previous Image. For some actors, such as Valeska Suratt, none of their films survive;[17] "there are entire careers that don't exist because of [the fire]," according to Museum of Modern Art film curator Dave Kehr. 75% of all 20th Century Fox films from before 1930 were lost. Especially in confined areas, such fires can result in explosions. [4][5] The United Film Ad Service vault, also in Kansas City, burned on August 4, 1928, and a fire was reported at Pathé Exchange nine days later. [10] All the film in the facility was destroyed; more than 40,000 reels of negatives and prints burned to ashes inside their film cans. Clipping found in The Record in Hackensack, New Jersey on Jul 9, 1937. [10], Film processing company DeLuxe Laboratories owned the building[12] and rented it to 20th Century-Fox to store the silent films acquired from Fox Film Corporation after its merger with Twentieth Century Pictures. Name * Email * Website. [22] More heavily reinforced film vaults were suggested, to prevent fires in a single vault from destroying entire archival facilities. At some time shortly after 2:00 a.m. on July 9, spontaneous ignition occurred in the vault at the building's northwest corner. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States.Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults, although the precise causes were often unknown. [10] The local fire department confirmed Fehrs's fireproofing. The fire resulted in one death and two injuries, and destroyed all of the film in the vault. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [10] Anna Greeves and her two sons, John and Charles,[11] were caught in a "sheet of flame" while attempting to flee the area. Information from its description page there is shown below. Under the right conditions, nitrate film can even spontaneously combust. There are actors for whom not a single copy of a … [10] Other families were able to escape unharmed as the fire spread to five neighboring residences and destroyed two vehicles. Especially in confined areas, such fires can result in explosions. In part because of substantial variability in the manufacturing of early film, considerable uncertainty exists about the circumstances necessary for self-ignition. One death and two injuries resulted from the fire, which also destroyed all the archived film in the vaults, resulting in the loss of most of the silent films produced by the Fox Film Corporation before 1932. [10] Total property damage was estimated at $150,000–200,000. [10][11], Davison then attempted to awaken the residents of the surrounding houses, many of whom were already alerted to the situation by the noise and intense heat. This film is flammable, and produces its own oxygen supply as it burns. [10], Film processing company DeLuxe Laboratories owned the building[12] and rented it to 20th Century-Fox to store the silent films acquired from Fox Film Corporation after its merger with Twentieth Century Pictures. Most such fires in film archives have taken place in heat waves during summer months, in closed facilities with limited ventilation, compounding several of these variables. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. [15] Tom Mix made eighty-five pictures with Fox, most of which were archived exclusively at Little Ferry. [1], In the earlier 20th century nearby Fort Lee on the Hudson Palisades was home to many film studios of America's first motion picture industry. [B][10][14] Fifty-seven truckloads of burned film were hauled from the site to have their silver content extracted. "Fox Film Storage Fire". [10] Total property damage was estimated at $150,000–200,000. [1] Sustained temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) or higher, large quantities of nitrate film, increased humidity, poor ventilation, and aged or decaying film have all been considered risk factors. Also present was the original negative of D. W. Griffith's Way Down East (which Fox had purchased with the intent of remaking),[9] the negative for the controversial Christie Productions sponsored film The Birth of a Baby[20] and films produced by Sol Lesser under his imprints Atherton Productions, Peck's Bad Boy Corporation, and Principal Pictures. Share. [13], Northern New Jersey experienced a heat wave in July 1937, with daytime temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) and warm nights. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for 1937 Fox vault fire 0 found (189 total) Flammable nitrate film had previously contributed to several fires in film industry laboratories, studios, and vaults; although the precise causes were often unknown. Hotel and café workers in Paris went on strike for a 5-day work week. [1] The Society of Motion Picture Engineers' Committee on Preservation of Film, three months after the vault fire, cited "recent and rather extensive film fires" as evidence that existing preservation efforts had failed to adequately address the risk of fire. [8] When Little Ferry, New Jersey, contractor William Fehrs was hired to construct a film storage facility in 1934, he designed the structure to be fireproof. All three were seriously burned; 13-year-old Charles eventually died from his injuries on July 19. Eski 40,000 Century-Fox deposundaki Vault Fire'da 20 makaradan fazla negatif ve baskı küle dönüştü. [2], Large and dangerous fires sometimes resulted. [C][9], Although 20th Century-Fox officials at the time remarked that "only old films" were destroyed,[14] the fire is now understood as a significant loss of American film heritage. [1] Unlike previous large nitrate-film fires, investigators determined that the spontaneous combustion of decomposing film stock was responsible. [6][7] Spontaneous combustion was not proven to have occurred in any of these fires, and may not have been recognized as possible before a 1933 study determined that the temperatures necessary for nitrate film to self-ignite had been overestimated. 1 comment. On 9 July 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States.It was caused by the spontaneous combustion of nitrate film stored in inadequately-ventilated vaults.The fire resulted in one death and two injuries, and destroyed all of the film in the vault. The fire resulted in one death and two injuries, and destroyed all of the film present. Nitrocellulose is also subject to thermal decomposition and hydrolysis, breaking down over time in the presence of high temperatures and moisture. [11] However, it had neither a fire sprinkler system nor mechanical ventilation, and no security guard was employed to watch the facility. [11][14], Little Ferry firefighters first arrived at 2:26, followed by companies from Hawthorne, Ridgefield Park, River Edge, and South Hackensack. [15] Tom Mix made eighty-five pictures with Fox, most of which were archived exclusively at Little Ferry. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States.It was caused by the spontaneous combustion of nitrate film stored in inadequately-ventilated vaults. The early motion-picture industry primarily used film stock made of nitrocellulose, commonly called nitrate film. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article [9] Films lost to the fire include pictures starring Theda Bara, Shirley Mason, William Farnum, and many others. [B][10][14] Fifty-seven truckloads of burned film were hauled from the site to have their silver content extracted. Just better. This film is flammable, and produces its own oxygen supply as it burns. One was at the Fox studio vault fire in 1937, and the other fire was at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1958. This decaying film stock releases nitrogen oxides that themselves contribute to the decay and make the damaged film burn more easily. [10] Local truck driver Robert Davison observed flames coming from one of the structure's window vents, and within five minutes, used a municipal fire alarm call box to report the fire. [25], Piles of ruined film cans outside the fire-damaged vault building. save hide report. In part because of substantial variability in the manufacturing of early film, considerable uncertainty exists about the circumstances necessary for self-ignition. It would be the day before the infamous fire that destroyed virtually their entire back catalog of films made before 1932. The sustained heat contributed to nitrate decomposition in the film vaults, and the building's ventilation was inadequate to prevent a dangerous buildup of gases. The fire brought attention to the potential for decaying nitrate film to spontaneously ignite, and changed the focus of film preservation efforts to include a greater focus on fire safety. fire at 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States. 5-Day work week Fox films from before 1930 were lost fire out by 5:30 it took 150 men 14! Of stored film, combined with high temperatures and moisture how did the Fox vault:. Exclusively at Little Ferry, gases produced by decaying film, the destruction of the film in vault. [ 25 ], the Little Ferry facility spurred an interest in fire safety as an aspect film. And two injuries, and produces its own oxygen supply as it.! 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