Flax seeds are also fed to cattle and chicken as a nutritional boost. Even if you have no intention of using it for fibre, this plant is worth growing for the flush of blue flowers alone. When picked at the right time the fibres are long and supple. Flax seeds are loaded with various nutrients, such as protein, carbohydrate, omega-3 fatty acids, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, and others. At a minimum, Flax needs 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Alexander Keillers archaeological dig of 1920 revealed many items relating to an established farming culture including remains of flax seeds and barley dating back to the Bronze Age 5000 years ago. Flax is grown in many parts of the world, but top quality flax is primarily grown in Western European countries and Ukraine. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets. With a desire among consumers to understand where and how their food is produced the flax/linseed crop, which is the source of so many diverse products, is one of the most exciting and versatile.  Both stem and seeds have multiple uses and are of equal importance, no part of the plant need be wasted. With a continental trade becoming established in cloth, financial encouragement were offered for home produced flax and duties placed on imports. The line can also be finger-spun and plaited to make string. Throughout Medieval and Early Modern England the growing and processing of flax formed an important part of agricultural life, and linen clothes were a significant feature of people’s attire. Will do OK in poor soil, prefers well drained loam. The flax grown here at the Museum is an early type called “Riga Child”. Windmill hill a mile north of Avebury Wiltshire. With the drive for local food with provenance, UK growers and farmers are supplying an increasing quantity of high quality, oil producing linseeds to both the industrial and food markets. In addition to referring to the plant itself, the word "flax" may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant. Flax Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Weald & Downland Living Museum Fishermen have long used flax fibres to create fishing nets. The flowers have 5 petals (usually blue but sometimes white) and produce a boll (fruit capsule) with up to 10 small, flattened, ovate seeds 2-6 mm in diameter. Tellingly, its fibres are also used to manufacture linen. We sell this omega-3 rich oil across the UK and Europe Frost tolerant. Message from the Director regarding temporary closure of the Museum (5 Nov – 2 Dec), Five-year old Megan takes top prize Museum’s 50th anniversary badge design competition, Thinking ourselves back in time – part 3 (smells), Giving back to our cherished nurses in celebration of International Nurse Day. Flax seeds are edible and can be used to produce linseed oil, but their foremost importance was always as seed for next year’s crop. Full sun to light shade. The oil flax stem is shorter compared to the fiber flax, it is branched, sometimes even from the base. As settlers moved west, flax was one of the first crops produced. Choose a site in full sun, with deep, fertile, well-drained soil, and prepare it as you would for growing vegetables or flowers. How long does it take Flax to grow? Miscellaneous Soil. Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial fiber crop, flaxseed has grown in popularity as a health food. Featured Buildings: Norfolk Flax Limited Growing Flax. The exciting new developments in technological use of fibres and flax oils as well as the increasing interest in flaxseeds’ important role in a healthy diet will ensure a future for flax/linseed growing in Britain and the close continent. ‘Flax growing’ was the growing of a 5 petal light blue flower with a stem of 3-4 feet. The flax stems are pulled from the ground in order to preserve the length of the fibres and tied into bundles or “beets”. Featured Organisations: Ministry of Supply. Featured People: Major G.O. Flax needs to be grown close together to produce good fibre and when sown in a block, the plants help to support each other too. 1 X Phormium 'Yellow Wave' New Zealand Flax Evergreen Shrub Hardy Plant in Pot. Flax, plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fiber, from which linen is made, and for its nutritious seeds, from which linseed oil is obtained. Time to upskill or fancy a career change? Feeding. It is widely used in the textile industry to make popular linen clothes. The UK Home office announced on July 26,2018 that cannabis based medicine can be prescribed in the UK (Image: Getty Images North America) How to get a licence to grow … This can be achieved using a flax pool, by soaking in a river, or simply by laying the flax onto the fields to let the daily dew do the same thing. West Sussex PO18 0EU, Registered Charity 306338 Privacy Statement Cookie Policy Website AccessibilityWebsite by Maroon Balloon Design by StudioMoo, We use cookies on this website to improve your user experience. After the flax is harvested it goes through many processes to become yarn Watch the video below to find out how the flax grown in the fields of Ulster was turned into high quality linen. All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. The plant was brought in from farmers, stacked in barns and sent to the factories for threshing. We often do this here at the Museum to provide our interpretation team with linen string to use in our houses or historic gardens.

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