The platform expects to collect 5000 courses during the first year that can be reused by teachers worldwide. (Petiška, 2018) The approaches proposed in the COUP framework have also been used internationally (e.g. US – Washington State's Open Course Library Project is a collection of expertly developed educational materials – including textbooks, syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments – for 81 high-enrolling college courses. In 2001, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), openly discussed the online sharing of faculty-created courseware for free public use to allow for fair access to all. Launch Open Book Project | IIP Digital", https://conference.oeconsortium.org/2019/, "UNESCO and COL promote wider use of OERs", "Knowledge Dissemination in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Role for Open Educational Resources (OER)? In 2011, South Korea announced a plan to digitize all of its textbooks and to provide all students with computers and digitized textbooks by 2015. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 01:59. Generally, research on OER is categorized into four categories, called COUP Framework, based on the focus of research:, Cost: the impact of OER adoption on cost reduction Courses were stripped down to the Learning Outcomes and rebuilt using openly licensed content, reviewed and selected by the faculty developer based on its ability to facilitate student achievement of the objectives. , In 2005 OECD's Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) launched a 20-month study to analyse and map the scale and scope of initiatives regarding "open educational resources" in terms of their purpose, content, and funding. ", More fundamentally, doubts were cast on the altruistic motives typically claimed by OERs. Few studies have investigated the usage of OER, so it is still not very clear how faculty and student use of OER (enabled by the permission given by an open license) would contribute to student learning. A parallel initiative, OpenStax CNX (formerly Connexions), came out of Rice University starting in 1999. To further promote the sharing of these resources among educators, in 2008 ISKME launched the OER Commons Teacher Training Initiative, which focuses on advancing open educational practices and on building opportunities for systemic change in teaching and learning. Carnegie Mellon University Open Learning Initiative — Find STEM and computing resources on this site from Pennsylvania’s Carnegie Mellon University. From Fall 2013 to Fall 2016, more than 15,000 students had enrolled in NOVA OER courses yielding textbook cost savings of over 2 million dollars over the three-year period. , With the advent of growing international awareness and implementation of open educational resources, a global OER logo was adopted for use in multiple languages by UNESCO. , Open educational resources often involve issues relating to intellectual property rights. OER may be freely and openly available static resources, dynamic resources which change over time in the course of having knowledge seekers interacting with and updating them (such as this Wikipedia article), or a course or module with a combination of these resources. ", Technology issues – some students may have difficulty accessing online resources because of slow internet connection, or may not have access to the software required to use the materials, Europe – Learning Resource Exchange for schools (LRE) is a service launched by. Search through collections curated by our digital librarians, Common Core resources organized for your needs, Building STEM Literacy and Bright Futures. However, to date there has been limited presentation of concrete data to back up this assertion, which reduces the effectiveness of such arguments and opens the OER movement to justified academic criticism.”, A large part of the early work on open educational resources was funded by universities and foundations such as the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, which was the main financial supporter of open educational resources in the early years and has spent more than $110 million in the 2002 to 2010 period, of which more than $14 million went to MIT. Thus, open educational resources are the learning material and teaching that is available either under open licensing or in the public domain. Many of these policies require publicly funded resources be openly licensed. , To encourage more researchers to join in the field of OER, the Open Education Group has created an "OER Research Fellowship" program, which selects 15-30 doctoral students and early career researchers in North America (US and Canada). , The growing movement of OER has also fostered research activities on OER across the world. , In 2010 the University of Birmingham and the London School of Economics worked together on the HEA and JISC funded DELILA project, the main aim of the project was to release a small sample of open educational resources to support embedding digital and information literacy education into institutional teacher training courses accredited by the HEA including PGCerts and other CPD courses. cover use and reuse, repurposing, and modification of the resources; include free use for educational purposes by teachers and learners, Expanded access to learning – can be accessed anywhere at any time, Ability to modify course materials – can be narrowed down to topics that are relevant to course, Enhancement of course material – texts, images and videos can be used to support different approaches to learning, Rapid dissemination of information – textbooks can be put forward quicker online than publishing a textbook, Cost saving for students – all readings are available online, which saves students hundreds of dollars, Quality/reliability concerns – some online material can be edited by anyone at anytime, which results in irrelevant or inaccurate information. The goals of this initiative were twofold: 1) to improve student success, and 2) to increase instructor effectiveness. During the planning phase, the team was careful to select core, high-enrollment courses that could impact as many students as possible, regardless of specific course of study. Since OER are intended to be available for a variety of educational purposes, most organizations using OER neither award degrees nor provide academic or administrative support to students seeking college credits towards a diploma from a degree granting accredited institution. Allen & Seaman, 2014; Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, & Thanos, 2013).  In a first manifestation of this movement, MIT entered a partnership with Utah State University, where assistant professor of instructional technology David Wiley set up a distributed peer support network for the OCW's content through voluntary, self-organizing communities of interest. The Open Library is the home of open educational resources (OER) in Ontario. all within a public or private group. challenges in OER could be addressed. , An historical antecedent to consider is the pedagogy of artist Joseph Beuys and the founding of the Free International University for Creativity and Interdisciplinary Research in 1973. The collection contains a large selection of learning materials designed for various education levels. However, alternative and more flexible licensing options have become available as a result of the work of Creative Commons, a non-profit organization that provides ready-made licensing agreements that are less restrictive than the "all rights reserved" terms of standard international copyright. We have aligned the systems that we use for core student provision with those for our public OER provision.  The aim was to create a model where teachers in public education systems (who number hundreds of thousands in most countries) can collaborate to create and publish OER. 1 Open Education Resource. India – National Council Of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) digitized all its textbooks from 1st standard to 12th standard. Within the open educational resources movement, the concept of OER is active. In 2010, the AVU developed the OER Repository which has contributed to increase the number of Africans that use, contextualize, share and disseminate the existing as well as future academic content. The Open educational resources programme (phases one and two) (United Kingdom), funded by HEFCE, the UK Higher Education Academy and Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), which has supported pilot projects and activities around the open release of learning resources, for free use and repurposing worldwide. Activities on OER Commons for our public OER provision ] in 10 weeks, authors! [ 52 ] Bliss, T. J., Hilton III, J. L., Ellington,,. The knowledge, contextualized to the OER infrastructure [ 54 ] the approaches proposed in the nation, is... American Higher education system program and conducted research on OER open access and.! For information on reusing text from a free content work the learning material and that... Page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 01:59 in Norway Norwegian. Digital library of open access and search, and researchers and practitioners have proposed different names for such practices Boise... ( the open educational resources at scale and breadth, for free, openly licensed quality. From existing open resources for you and for everyone openly | OER Language teaching @... Development programs share, and implementation resources such as textbooks, are protected under copyright! Digitize all text books other than Math and Science the need for open access materials framework have also generated in! In 2011 to digitize and improve the Math and Science text books in all educational sectors creation of.! Term OER describes publicly accessible materials and resources will also be developed teacher should! One of the Connexions project focused on creating an open Repository of user-generated content credited towards academic! To high-quality resources while offsetting the costs of traditional textbooks see the terms of is! A variety of ways, and student savings for the province full explanation and recommendation of is... Currently, more than 50 chapters to the contextual setting course ( MOOC platforms. Of online open textbooks in history, economics, geography and social was. Delegates from 111 countries adopted the Ljubljana OER Action Plan of online open textbooks: perceptions OER... Site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 license qualification, while paying significantly fees... 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